63 Introduction

Learning Objectives

  • Describe the hierarchy of the Illinois State Board of Education
  • Identify the role of Federal, State, and Local government on Illinois Education
  • Describe how public schools are financed
  • Identify the governmental agencies and how Illinois public education financed
  • Identify other School Options (Charter, Magnet, Online, etc.)


Take five minutes to reflect on the questions below and write out your thoughts. Once finished writing, discuss your ideas with a partner.

  1. The state of Illinois spends approximately $13,750 to educate each student a year. If you attended an Illinois Public school, do you think you received a $13,750 education each year? Yes or No and why?
  2. What are your thoughts on the amount of money Illinois spends on each pupil per year?
  3. What should be the criteria for how money is allocated per school district? Who do you think should determine the amount of money allocated per school?
  4. If you oversaw the Illinois Education budget, what is one specific area you would improve and why?

As a future teacher you will need to know how schools are organized, governed, and financed. Where you work will also determine the amount of money and resources available to you.  The federal, state, and local government all play a role in the complex financial system of education.  Keep in mind that how well a school is funded is often a reflection of the community composition and wealth (number of businesses, homeowners, taxpayers, population size).  In this chapter we will learn how schools are governed and financed in public education and begin to explore how these factors impact our ability to help students learn.



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Introduction to Education by Shannon M. Delgado and Sarah Mark is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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